Famous Landmarks in Tibet

Here we list Famous Landmarks in Tibet, such as Potala Palace, Mount Everest, Jokhang Temple, ect.. These landmarks are name cards of Tibet which are attractions you should never miss during your Tibet tour.
 
Potala Palace, Lhasa
                  
Potala Palace is situated on the Red hill in the northwest of Lhasa. Known as “the Second Mount Putuo”, Potala Palace is the landmark of the city. Originally the palace was constructed by the King Songtsen Gampo for marrying Princess Wencheng in the 7th century.
 
 
Unfortunately, the original palace was destroyed in wars. The Potala Palace was rebuilt by the 5th Dalai Lama in the 17th Century. And since then, the palace became the seat of Dalai Lamas as well as the political center in Tibet. Later, the 13th Dalai Lama expended the palace, and the existing size of it is 360 meters wide and 117 meters high, covering an area over 130 square kilometers. The main building is the White Palace, which is the administrative building, and the Red palace, the religious building. Besides the grand building and complex construction, you can also feel the devotional atmosphere and appreciate splendid artworks in Potala Place.
 
Other constructions in the Palace are also worth a visiting, such as the Seminary, the gardens, courtyards, the printing house and the Jail, etc. Besides, there possesses a great deal of cultural and traditional relics treasured in Potala Palace, for example, the murals, statues, stupas, rare sutras and tangkas. It is really a must see Palace in Lhasa that you should never miss.
 
Recommended Tour: 4 Days Lhasa Experience Tour 


 
Jokhang Temple, Lhasa

Jokhang Temple is located in the center of the old Lhasa and it is also the spiritual center in Tibet. The temple was built by Songtsen Gampo for marrying Princes Wencheng in the Tang Dynasty. Built in 647, it has a history over 1,300 years. The name of Jokhang temple means “House of Lord”. Besides, it is also known as “House of Wisdom” and Tsulag Khang, The architecture merged the technique of Han, Nepalese and Tibetan. Visitors can be treated with the sight of the exotic and sacred sculptures here. Plus, the temple treasured numerous cultural relics that with great value.

Jokhang Temple is the most holy and important temple in the whole Tibet. Every year, the Great Prayer Festival is held here. The temple was declared as part of the 'Historic Ensemble of the Potala Palace'on World Heritage Site by UNESCO.
 
Recommended Tour:  4 Days Lhasa Elite Tour 



Tashihunpo Monastery, Shigatse

Tashilumpu Monastery is one of the six major monasteries of Gelug sect, a branch of Tibetan Buddhism, located the eastern slope of Nyima Mountain in the west of Shigatse city.
 
Founded by the First Dalai Lama in 1447, Tashilumpu Monastery is the largest monastery in Shigatse. The monastery possesses a 22.4-meter statue of Maitreya Buddha and tombs of Panchen Lamas. Tanshilumpu Monastery is very popular among the Tibetans and pilgrims would like to come here for pilgrimage.
 
On the entrance of Tashihunpo, seat the monastery, the grand buildings with white walls and golden roofs. There is a tangka wall on the ninth floor of monastery that displays the images of Buddha on May 14th, 15th and 16th every year according to the lunar calendar in Tibet.
 
Recommended Tour: 7 Days Experience the Mighty Mt. Everest (Destination: Lhasa-Gyangtse-Shigatse-Mt. Everest)
 



Yumbulagang Palace, Shannan

Yumbulagang Palace perches on the summit of the Jormo Zhaxi Ceri Mountain on the east bank of the Yarlung River in Zetang Town, Shannan Prefecture. It is the first palace and also one of the ealiest architecture in Tibet. The palace was built by the Bon believers for the First King Nyatri Tsenpo in Tibet in the second century BC. And later, it became the summer palace of Princess Wencheng and King Songtsan Gampo. Up to the period of the Fifth Dalai Lama, it was changed to be a temple of Old-Yellow Hat Sect.  
 
''Yumbu” means female deer in Tibetan language, named after its shape, while “Lagang” means holy palace. Yumbulagang is also called the“palace of mother and son”. Now the Yumbulagang Palace is a temple for the worship of Shakyamuni Buddha, but the wall paintings still show the first king of Tibet vividly.
 
Yumbulagang can be mainly divided into two parts: the front part is a multi-layer palace, while the back part is a square watchtower of a high blockhouse connected with the front part.Beautiful murals are painted on the walls, telling the early history of Tibet. Among numerous murals, the most well-known one is the first one on the left which tells the story of the first King Nyatri Tsanpo in Tibet. The highest point in Yumbulagang is the watchtower. Princess Wencheng lived here for her first summer in Tibet. Standing in the watchtower and looking around, you will see the excellent panoramic view of the valley.

 


Mt. Everest, Shigatse

Mt. Everest  or Mt. Qomolangma is located at the border of China's Tibet and Nepal. It is well-known as the roof of the world capped with accumulated eternal snow.

Qomolangma means “Goddess” in Tibetan language. Well-known to the western world as Mt. Everest, it is the highest mountain in the world with an altitude of 8,848.13 meters. It is a giant pyramid shaped mountain with extremely steep terrain. The environment here is very complicate. The height of the snow line is 5800-6200m at the north slope and 5500-6100m at the south slope of the mountain. The snow peak gives out silver radiance and its waist is winded with clouds.
 The best time to visit Mt. Everest is from April to June, in which period you may have the chance to see the complete picture of the mountain. Every year, a lot of brave mountaineers come here to visit and try to conquer Mt. Everest.
 
Recommended Tour: 7 Days Experience the Mighty Mt. Everest



Namtso Lake, Nagqu

Namtso Lake , the pearl of the Qinhai-Tibet plateau, is located in Nagqu Prefecture, 60 kilometers from Damxung County and about 260 kilometers fromLhasa. Endowed with pure water and stunning landscapes, it has been the scared lake of Tibetan Buddhists, and a desired destination for the hiking enthusiasts all over the world.
 
Namtso Lake means ' the sacred lake' in the Tibetan language. It is the second largest salt lake in China, covering an area over 1,900 square kilometers. The lake is also the highest salt lake in the world with an altitude of 4,718m.
 
The water supplies of Namtso Lake are rains, melted ice and snow of Mt. Nyenchen Tonglha and the inflow of crooks and streams. That is why the water in the lake is very limpid and clear. The sky is reflected on the surface of the lake which makes the sky and the lake seem to be one that undivided. Visitors may feel themselves stand in a fairy land as they were stunned by the beauty of the lake.

Recommended Tour: 6 Days Tour to Lhasa and Nagqu 
 



Mount Kailash, Ngari

Mt. Kailash is the main peak of the massive Gangdise Mountain Range. The altitude of it is 6638m. It is a pyramid shape peak with very symmetrical four walls. Seen from the south, you can find the famous symbol of it, the vertical ice trough the summit and horizontal rock formation combining as the Buddhist symbol Swastika “卐”. It is a symbol of the spiritual power in Buddhism, meaning the eternal power of Buddha and representing blessing and auspiciousness. The Mount is winded with clouds more often than not, and It is said that it is lucky to see the summit of the mount. In tibatan, people have named it Kang Rinpoche which means “the mount of gods”, while in Sanskrit it means “the heaven of Siva”. The mount is also the birth place of the Bon religion. 

There are thousands of Pilgrims come to Mt. Kailash every year. It is a tradition that can be traced back to thousands of years. The pilgrims are mainly Buddhist, Hindu and Jain. They circumambulate the holy mountain on foot and believe it is a holy ritual that will bring good fortune to them. The pilgrimage is 52km long around the mountain. Some pilgrims think that the entire walk of circumambulation should be finished in a single day. It is not an easy job, even a man of powerful build still need 15 hours to complete the 52 km trip. But there are pilgrims who are very devout do make it.


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